Problem Penambangan Emas Tanpa Ijin Ditinjau Dari Aspek Pidana Lingkungan Hidup dan Etika

Dedy Syaputra

Abstract


There are several cases of environment in Jambi province including haze, forest fires, floods, PETI (gold mining without permits), and so forth. This is always the case of repetition from year to year as if it did not have a permanent solution. Alleged authors in this regard are some possibilities, namely: society does not understand or understand whether its actions (in the context of environmental destruction) that include violating criminal law or not? And on the basis of the community, so there is a notion that what they do is not contrary to the law. Based on the hypothesis above, the authors are interested in describing what exactly this Problembox is from the perspective of criminal law and ethics. So hopefully able to educate the community that the deed can be said to violate/not violate criminal law. Then, the author tries to offer a preventive solution from an ethical perspective; That is what the moral philosophy can offer so that the environmental cases in the context of the criminal law can be addressed to the fullest extent possible. This paper uses a qualitative approach with its data analysis techniques using analytical content techniques. With this approach, the following conclusions are obtained: (1) The criminal threat as stated in the articles is imprisonment and fines. In addition there is additional criminal or order action against the business entity Article 119 Act Number 32 year 2009 on environmental protection and management. Regarding some factors that are hindering in law enforcement, namely legal means, law enforcement officers, facilities and means, licensing, AMDAL system, Public law awareness of the environment. (2) In the view of Al-Ghazali man has a very heavy function, duty and responsibility as the maintainer of all the SDA (natural resources) that exist on this earth. When people understand the function in this world is to maintain the environment, then automatically, this moral concept will be a preventative step over the real-life CHEST activities that have caused human environmental damage.


Keywords


Criminal Environment, CRATE, ethics

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/wjh.v4i1.166

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