Penerapan Mashlahah Mursalah Sebagai Pertimbangan Hakim Dalam Memutus Perkara di Pengadilan Agama

M Hasbi Umar, Muhammad Muhammad, Warfian Saputra

Abstract


The use of mashlahah mursalah as a basis for legal determination among ulama is still disputed until it is divided into two groups, namely the group that uses mashlahah mursalah and the group that does not use mashlahah mursalah, but the difference of opinion has no effect on religious judges in Indonesia, because there are several decisions of religious judges. Applying mashlahah mursalah as a basis for consideration in his decision. This is as stated in the decision of the Jambi Religious Court judge in the Divorce Case Number 634 / Pdt.G / 2019 / PA.Jmb, Marriage Dispensation Number 40 / Pdt.P / 2020 / PA.Jmb, and Isbat Nikah Number 14 / Pdt. P / 2017 / PA.Jmb. This is based on several legal considerations, namely first, using mashlahah mursalah as argument and legal reasoning based on evidence and facts in court. Second, avoiding the harm that seekers of justice are facing with the aim of achieving the essence of sharia, namely protecting religion, soul, mind, descent and property.

 


Keywords


Mashlahah Mursalah; Consideration; Kemudharatan; Religious Court

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Boedi dan Beni Ahmad Saebani, Perkawinan Perceraian Keluarga Muslim, Bandung: Pusaka Setia, 2013

Agama, Majalah Peradilan, Menyorot Mahkota Hakim Peradilan Agama, Edisi 1, Mei 2013

Ali, Zainuddin, Hukum Perdata Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2006

AS, Romli, Pengantar Ilmu Ushul Fiqh Metodologi Penetapan Hukum Islam, (Jakarta: Kencana, 2017

Asnawi, M. Natsir, Hukum Acara Perdata (Teori, Praktek dan Permasalahannya di Pengadilan Umum dan Pengadilan Agama), Yogyakarta: UII Press, 2016

Bahsoan, Agil, Mashlahah Sebagai Maqashid Al Syariah (Tinjauan Dalam Perspekstif Ekonomi Islam), Jurnal Inovasi, Vol. 8, No. 1, Maret 2011

Darmawati, Kewenangan Peradilan Agama, Jambi: Sulthan Thaha Press, 2010

Darmawan, Doni, “Implementasi Peraturan Mahkamah Agung RI Nomor 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Prosedur Mediasi di Pengadilan”, dipublikasi di http://www.pta-jambi.go.id/11-artikel/3870-implementasi-peraturan-mahkamah-agung-ri-nomor-1-tahun-2016-tentang-prosedur-mediasi-di-pengadilan, akses 14 Mei 2020

Hermawan, Hendri dan Mashudi, Al-Maslahat Al-Mursalah Dalam Penentuan Hukum Islam, Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Islam, 4 (01), 2018, hlm 66 dipublikasikan di http://dx.doi.org/10.29040//jiei.v4i1.140

Manan, Abdul, Pembaharuan Hukum Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Kencana, 2017

Mappiasse, Syarif, Logika Hukum Pertimbangan Putusan Hakim, Jakarta: Kencana, 2015

Qorib, Ahmad dan Isnaini Harahap, Penerapan Maslahah Mursalah Dalam Ekonomi Islam, Jurnal Analytica Islamica, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016

Sarwat, Ahmad, Maqashid Syariah, Jakarta: Rumah Fiqih Publishing, 2019

Syarifuddin, Amir, Ushul Fiqh, Jilid 2, Cet. Ke-6, Jakarta: Kencana, 2011

Shidiq, Sapiudin, Ushul Fiqh, Cet Ke-3, Jakarta: Kencana, 2017

Sunarto, Peran Aktif Hakim Dalam Perkara Perdata, Cet. 3, Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group, 2019

Wahhab Khallaf, Abdul, Ilmu Ushul Fikih, Cet. 11, Jakarta: Pustaka Amani, 2003




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/wjh.v4i2.228

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Wajah Hukum Published by Faculty of Law, Batanghari University
Adress: Fakultas Hukum, Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: wajahhukum.unbari@gmail.com


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.